Sunday, September 28, 2008

Jātaka 16: Tipallatthamiga Jataka - young stag caught in net feigns his death to escape

[A translation question posted to the Pali list]

Dear Piya Tan;

Thanks for the hints:

1. mahāphāsukapassena -- (lie down) on his side in great comfort
2. uccārapassāvaṃ -- defaecating and urinating
3. kheḷakilinnaṃ -- dripping in sweat (sometimes "drooling")
4. vātaggahaṇena -- holding his breath
5. heṭṭhānāsikasotena -- with the lower nostril
6. uparimanāsikasotena -- with the upper nostril
8. matakākāraṃ -- "make (himself) dead"
9. kākāraṃ dasseti -- looks like (he is) dead

My reformulation below.

In 5,6 sotena = by ear,
implying "the sound of" ?

And in 8,9 is it:
atakākāraṃ = mataka + kāraṃ - make (himself) dead

with metta,
Jon

1.
mahāphāsukapassena - (lie down) on his side in great comfort
phāsu - comfort
phāsukara - comfortable
phāsuka - in comfort
aphāsuka - comfortless, without comfort

2.
uccārapassāvaṃ - defecating and urinating
uccāra - faeces
passāva - urine

3.
kheḷakilinnaṃ - dripping in sweat, drooling in sweat
spittle - khela (m), lālā (f)
kilinna - wet, humid

4.
vātaggahaṇena - holding his breath
vāta - (m) air, wind
gahaṇa - hold, capture, seize

5, 6.
heṭṭhānāsikasotena - with the lower nostril
uparimanāsikasotena - with the upper nostril
heṭṭhā - down, under, underneath
nāsikā - nose
sota - (nt) ear

8,9.
matakākāraṃ = mataka + kāraṃ - make (himself) dead
dasseti - show, pretend


-------------------------------------------------
Jātaka 16: Tipallatthamiga Jataka -
young stag caught in net feigns his death to escape

so pi migapotako pāse baddho avipphanditvā
yeva bhūmiyaṃ mahāphāsukapassena pāde pasāretvā nipanno
pādānaṃ āsannaṭṭhāne khureh 'eva paharitvā
paṃsu ca tiṇāni ca uppāṭetvā,
uccārapassāvaṃ vissajjetvā,
sīsaṃ pātetvā
jivhaṃ ninnāmetva
sarīraṃ kheḷakilinnaṃ katvā
vātaggahaṇena udaraṃ uddhumātakaṃ katvā
akkhīni parivattetvā
heṭṭhānāsikasotena vātaṃ sañcarāpento
uparimanāsikasotena vātaṃ sannirumhitvā
sakalasarīraṃ thaddhabhāvaṃ gāhāpetvā
matakākāraṃ dassesi

The young antelope bound by a noose,
without trying to break loose,
lying on its side on the ground,
its legs outstretched,
was kicking its hoofs,
trampling the dust and the weeds, defecating, its head down, its tongue out,
sweat all over its body,
its belly swollen,
tears rolling from its eyes,
letting out its breath through the lower nostril
and keeping it in by the upper nostril,
its body having become rigid,
pretended to be dead.

With metta
Jon Fernquest

---------------------------------------------------------------
Line by line:

Tipallatthamiga - deer anxious for training ?

so pi migapotako pāse baddho avipphanditvā
The young antelope bound by a noose, without trying to break loose,

miga - deer
potaka - (m) young one
pāsa - (n) noose
baddho - bound (pp bandhati)
vipphandati - flounder, struggle, writhe, vibrate, fluctuate
avipphanditvā - not trying to break loose or struggle

yeva bhūmiyaṃ mahāphāsukapassena pāde pasāretvā nipanno
lying on its side on the ground, its legs outstretched,

bhūmi - (m) ground
nipanna - lie (pp nipajjati)
pasāreti - (vt) outstretch
pasārita - (pp) outstretch
pāde pasāretvā - legs outstretched
phāsukā - (f) rib
mahāphāsukapassena - on its side ?

pādānaṃ āsannaṭṭhāne khureh 'eva paharitvā
was kicking its hoofs,

pāda - (m) leg
āsannaṭṭhāna - (nt) reach
khura - (n) hoof
pādena paharati - (vt) kick

paṃsu ca tiṇāni ca uppāṭetvā,
trampling the dust and the weeds,

paṃsu - (nt) soil, dust
tiṇa - (n) grass, weeds
uppāṭetvā - trample ?
uppatita - caper, fly, jump

uccārapassāvaṃ vissajjetvā,
defecating,

vissajjeti - let loose, answer, fling, hurl, spend, vacate, send off, reply
[visati - to enter, -visitvaa (grd), -vissa (grd),visitu.m (inf)]
uccāraṃ ossajati - (vi) stool

sīsaṃ pātetvā
its head down

sīsa - (n) head
opāteti - lower
pāteti - drop, fell, pitch, throw

jivhaṃ ninnāmetva
its tongue out

jivhā - (n) tongue
ninnimitta casual

sarīraṃ kheḷakilinnaṃ katvā
sweat all over its body

kheḷakilinnaṃ katva - sweat?
sarīra - (m) body

vātaggahaṇena udaraṃ uddhumātakaṃ katvā
its belly inflated (swollen)

udara - (n) belly
uddhumāta - swollen
vātaggahaṇena - ?
vātagatika - aeriform ?

akkhīni parivattetvā
tears rolling from its eyes

akkhi - (n) eye
parivattati - roll

heṭṭhānāsikasotena vātaṃ sañcarāpento
letting out its breath through the lower nostril

heṭṭhānāsikasotena - through its lower nostril
nāsā - (f) nose
vāta - (m) air, wind
sañcarāpento - letting out ?
sañcarati - move about, pass, walk

uparimanāsikasotena vātaṃ sannirumhitvā
and keeping it in by the upper nostril

uparimanāsikasotena - by the upper nostril
upari - upper
sannirumhitvā - kept in
sannirumbheti - impede, restrain

sakalasarīraṃ thaddhabhāvaṃ gāhāpetvā
its body having become rigid

thaddha - hard, tough, rigid
sakala - all, full, total, whole

matakākāraṃ dassesi
pretended to be dead

mata - dead
dasseti - pretend
kākāraṃ dasseti - ?

In: The Pali language by T.Y. Elizarenkova, V.N. Toporov, Nauka Pub. House, Moscow, 1976, pages 125-126.

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